Florence, Italy is an iconic, ancient city that really encompasses the true heart of Italian food and culture. It’s crowded, busy, and colourful, and is a mandatory stop for anyone visiting this beautiful country. The biggest highlights, fortunately, can be crammed into one (very full) day. Even if you only have 24 hours in Florence, these are my top 5 must-sees!

5. Palazzo Vecchio

The Palazzo Vecchio was built in 1299 as a fortified palace for the magistrates of the commune. During the mid-sixteenth century, the palace was home to Cosimo I de’ Medici, the second Duke of Florence

The palace is still in use today as Florence’s city hall, but many sections are now open to the public as a museum and archaeological site. In fact, the hall was built upon the ancient Roman ruins of a 1st Century AD theater, the remains of which can be viewed from the basement level. The interior rooms boast impressive frescoes, murals, gold detailing and imposing sculptures.

Palazzo Vecchio clock tower, Florence Italy

You can also tour the secret passages, visit the private apartments, and walk along the battlements. The building is right in the Piazza della Signoria square, which makes it conveniently close to other attractions on this list.

The entrance to the Palazzo Vecchio is easy to spot. It’s the one with the statue of David replica in front:

Statue of David, Florence Italy


Tower ticket and roundabout
Full price € 10.00 
Reduced € 8.00

Museum ticket + Tower and roundabout walk
Entire tour € 14.00 
Reduced € 12.00 
(Average visit time 1.30 hours, including the Ronda Walk) 

4. Basilica di Santa Croce

The Basilica di Santa Croce, or Basilica of the Holy Cross, was built in 1294 and consecrated in 1443 as the primary Franciscan church in Florence. It’s also the largest Franciscan church in the world. Just to give you an idea of the size, the church has sixteen chapels!
Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Italy
Flooding in 1966 caused substantial damage to the church, which took decades to repair. They closed the church briefly in 2017, after a piece of heavy masonry fell, killing a tourist.
Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Italy at night
The church is the final resting place for many notable Italian sculptors, philosophers and astronomers, including Galileo, Machiavelli, and Michelangelo, just to name a few.


Full price € 8.00 
Reduced € 6.00 for children 11 to 17 year (under 11 is free)

Family ticket: full price ticket (€ 8.00) for adults and free admission for children younger than age 18
Headsets rental: € 1.50

The admission ticket allows entry to the Basilica, Pazzi Chapel, Museum of the Opera, Refectory, three cloisters, and other areas considered open to tour.

3. The Ponte Vecchio

The Ponte Vecchio is Florence’s oldest stone arch bridge, and one of the most recognizable attractions in the city. It’s thought that an ancient Roman bridge once spanned this section of the Arno River. The bridge was even mentioned in a document from 996 AD. A flood destroyed the original wooden bridge. A stone bridge replaced it, but another flood destroyed that bridge as well many years later. It was rebuilt again in 1345.

Ponte Vecchio Florence Italy

The shops you see along the bridge today first appeared in the 13th Century. Originally, butchers, tanners, and fishmongers ran these shops. The industrial waste these shops produced created quite the stench across the length of the river! These shop owners also threw waste into the river, polluting the water. Eventually, in 1593, Ferdinand I decreed that only goldsmiths and jewellers could run shops along the Ponte Vecchio. They were much less smelly and created a much more desirable aesthetic. Today the bridge is lined with jewellers, goldsmiths and souvenir shops.

Ponte Vecchio, Florence, Italy

2. Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore and Baptistery of San Giovanni

The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, also known as the Florence Cathedral, is one of the largest churches in the world. But interestingly, there seems to be some argument as to where it falls on the list of largest churches. The official website claims it’s the third largest, while the Visit Florence website gives it fourth place. Other websites, like the World Atlas, place it lower on the list at 13. Regardless of how it ranks to other churches and cathedrals though, this one is still quite a spectacular structure.

Florence Cathedral, Italy

Construction began in 1296, and completed around 1436. White, green and red marble decorate the church’s exterior. However, this wasn’t the original exterior. The original exterior, designed by several artists, never reached completion.

Medici court architect Bernardo Buontalenti removed the incomplete facade in 1587–1588. A design competition turned into a corruption scandal, further delaying the completion of the exterior. In 1876 the current exterior was added, and it was completed in 1887, as you see it today.

cathedral of Florence, Italy

You can explore the crypt underneath the church, which exhibits the remains of the previous cathedral of Santa Reparata. The 4th Century mosaic floors are still in marvelous condition:

mosaic floor in cathedral of Santa Reparata, Italy

You can also climb the top of the cupola, which affords wonderful views of Florence. However you need to book your spot in advance of climbing the 463 steps to the top.

cathedral of Florence, Italy view

The Baptistery of Saint John is just outside the cathedral, decorated in the same style of multi-coloured marble bands. Constructed between 1059 and 1128, this is considered the oldest religious monument in Florence.

Baptistery of St. John, Florence Italy

Up until the end of the 19th Century, all Catholics in Florence got baptized here. Baptisteries were often an octagonal shape, such as this one.

Baptistery of St. John, Florence Italy


While entrance to the cathedral is free, if you want to visit the baptistery, bell tower, crypt of Santa Reparata, or climb the cupola, you will ned to purchase an OPA Pass for € 18.

The ticket gives access to all the monuments within 72 hours of visiting the first one. You can only visit each monument once with the ticket.
You must have a reservation for the climb up the Dome. It’s also a good idea to book a reservation for climbing up the Bell Tower and for the Museum, but it’s not mandatory. Reservations are free to book.

1. Uffizi Gallery and Piazza della Signoria

The Uffizi Gallery is the number 1 draw in Florence. It’s arguably one of the most famous museums in the world, and houses some of the most spectacular art and sculpture you’ll ever see under one roof.

Uffizi Gallery Florence Italy

Giorgio Vasari designed the Uffizi building in 1581 for Granduca Francisco de’ Medici, son of Cosimo I. Originally the building was intended for offices and as a meeting place for the magistrates, since it’s adjacent to the Medici Palace. The gallery is now home to famous artworks by Botticelli, Caravaggio, Raffaello, Leonardo da Vinci and more. Just a few of the most well-known pieces here include Medusa by Caravaggio, the Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli, and one of my personal favourites, the Laocoön and his Sons by Baccio Bandinelli.

Uffizi Gallery, Florence Italy
In the Uffizi Gallery courtyard facing the Palazzo Vecchio

Due to its popularity, however, the queue to get in is usually quite lengthy. If you don’t want to stand in line for hours, you can (and should) purchase your tickets in advance.


starting at € 18.75. Guided tours are also available.

Reduced Price: European Union citizens aged 18 to 25

As for the Piazza della Signoria, this is a large public square just outside the Uffizi Gallery. Numerous sculptures and fountains decorate this large open area, which is a great way to pass the time as you’re waiting to get into the Uffizi.

Piazza della Signoria, Florence Italy

For more detailed information on many of the sculptures in the piazza, check out my previous post here.

Menelaus supporting the body of Patroclus

The piazza also boasts numerous restaurants and cafes to satisfy your hunger in between sites. But I would recommend avoiding this general area for food. Major squares such as the piazza are tourist traps, and it’s common for restaurants to overcharge gullible tourists. Instead, walk a few blocks off the beaten track and find a quieter street to grab a bite.

This blog post is now available on GPSmyCity here: 24 Hours in Florence, Italy

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