Palácio Nacional da Pena (The National Palace of Pena)

Just a short walk up the hill from the Moorish Castle in Sintra, Portugal, is the spectacular National Palace of Pena.

Pena palace

Painted in vivid shades of yellow, red and blue with highly detailed ornamental trim, it’s the kind of palace one would expect to see at Walt Disney World. But the only roller coaster you’ll find here is the one that carries you through 800-plus years of tumultuous history.

Pena Palace, Sintra Portugal

Pena Palace sits on the second-highest peak in the Sintra hills, and offers incredible views of the sprawling, forested lands below.

Pena Palace view

In the 12th Century, a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Pena sat atop this hill. It was built after an apparition of the Virgin Mary appeared.

Pena Palace entrance, Sintra Portugal

In 1503, Manuel I funded the building of the Royal Monastery on this site. The monastery was home to the Order of Saint Jerome. The original niche from the monastery was remarkably preserved and can still be seen today. It was decorated with shells, stones and porcelain pieces. It was later used as a storeroom.

Original monastery niche

The earthquake in 1755 nearly turned the entire monastery into a pile of rubble, but the chapel remained relatively unscathed.

In 1834 the monastery was abandoned after religious orders in Portugal were abolished. The site remained untouched for four years. King Ferdinand II acquired the monastery and surrounding lands in an auction, including the nearby Moorish Castle. Restoration work began on the monastery almost immediately. By 1843 construction started on the “New Palace”. The palace consists of two wings – the old 16th Century Manueline monastery and the 19th Century wing, built under King Ferdinand’s watchful eye. This is the cloister, an open gallery in the center of the monastery:

Pena Palace courtyard

Pena Palace cloister

The two wings are easily distinguishable by their paint colours. Ochre for the new wing:

Pena Palace 19th wing

And red for the old monastic wing:

Pena palace 16th C monastic wing

Chapel and clock tower

A German architect named Baron Wilhelm Ludwig von Eschwege designed the palace in the Romantic style. His designs were heavily influenced by the German castles along the Rhine.

However, King Ferdinand and his wife Queen Maria II had a vast amount of input into the design details. The king had vaulted arches and Medieval and Islamic influences added.

Pena Palace gate

There are numerous oceanic symbols in the architecture as well. My favourite element was this whimsical newt above the entryway:

newt

Doesn’t he look both furious and hilarious at the same time? He reminds me of the Dancing Faun statue at Pompeii. Notice the clam shells and detailed barnacles around the doorway as well. Magnificent architecture.

Pena Palace entrance Portugal

They didn’t hold back on the interior design either. This was the vaulted ceiling in the reception room:

Reception room ceiling

The reigning royal family lived at the palace until the Portuguese Revolution of 1910. They were then forced into exile with King Manuel II, the last king to live at Pena Palace. The palace became a museum in 1911. And yes, all of the interior is just as elaborate and exquisite as the exterior:

Interior of Pena Palace, Sintra Portugal

Even the kitchens – one of the most utilitarian rooms in any home – were spectacular:

Pena Palace kitchens, Sintra, Portugal

How would you like to cook a meal in here?

Pena Palace kitchens, Sintra, Portugal

Extensive grounds surround Pena Palace, and it’s great to go for a leisurely stroll through the quiet, park-like area.

Pena Palace park, Portugal

It was so serene and lush that we could have easily spent a full day taking it all in. Even the ducks had little castles to call home!

Pena park

Getting There:

Address: Estrada da Pena, 2710-609 Sintra, Portugal

By Train:CP ) – Sintra Line
Stations of origin:
• Oriente
Station
• Rossio Station • Entrecampos Station

Sintra (historical center)> Pena National Palace
By busScotturb )
• Sintra Station – Circuito da Pena
From the village of Sintra, bus number 434 of Scotturb takes the connecting route between the train station and Pena Palace.

By Car: You can get to Sintra via the IC19 (from Lisbon), the IC30 (from Mafra) or the EN9 (by the A5 / Cascais). Once you’re in in the historic center, follow the signs pointing to Pena National Palace (3.5 km).

GPS Coordinates 
38º 47 ‘16.45 “N 9º 23’ 15.35” W

Hours of Operation:

Palace: 09h30 – 19h00
Park Grounds: 09h30 – 20h00

Admission Fees (2018/2019):

Palace and Park:
Adult ticket (from 18 to 64 years old) – € 14
Youth ticket (from 6 to 17 years old) – € 12.5
Senior ticket (over 65 years old) – € 12.5
Family ticket (2 adults + 2 young people ) – € 49

Park only:
Adult ticket (from 18 to 64 years old) – € 7.50
Young ticket (from 6 to 17 years old) – € 6.5
Senior ticket (over 65 years old) – € 6.5
Family ticket (2 adults + 2 young people ) – € 26

Price includes entrance to the Chalet of the Condessa d’Edla
Hop On Hop Off – circuit through the Parque da Pena: included in the ticket

Combined tickets are also available for a lower price when visiting multiple venues.

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